The spreading of Islam in Africa has been throughout with three Historical (Periods, the first one include the spreading of Islam and it's stability in North - Africa through the first century of Al-Hijra and what has in flounce of the spreading of Islam in desert and what they came after.
The second period including the Islam of the big African desert and repeat of the Islamic spreading in it by the people who are still their though the fifth century 11CD.
The third period was by the spreading of Islam in the expanding areas from the country of big desert in Africa the south of the desert the coast of eastern of Africa by many ways especially those merchant who do good role in the desert of Africa and they were Muslims also.
This paper has been studied the spreading of Islam in Africa in the south of the desert concerning the reasons and methods to offered the Historical evidence and scientific which showing this.
Title of paper: The spreading of Islam in Africa south of the desert.
This paper begin to study the spreading of Islam in Africa and the south of desert including the steps, reasons and methods with the emphasis that Islam was spread by its spiritual force not under the patronage of finance and weapons !